The National Eligibility Test (NET), also known as UGC NET or CBSE NET, is a test to determine eligibility for college and university level lectureship and for the award of Junior Research Fellowship (JRF) for Indian nationals. It aims to ensure minimum standards for the entrants in teaching professions and research. On behalf of the University Grants Commission (UGC), the Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) holds the test for determining the eligibility of Indian nationals for the Eligibility for Assistant Professor only or Junior Research Fellowship and Eligibility for Assistant Professor both in Indian universities and colleges.

UGC CSIR currently conducts National Eligibility Test (NET) for appointments of teachers in colleges and universities.CSIR UGC made NET qualification mandatory for teaching at Graduation level and at Post Graduation level since July 2009. However, those with Ph.D are given five percent relaxation.

The National Eligibility Test (NET) is conducted by UGC CSIR to test the eligibility of candidates applying for lectureship and for award of Junior Research Fellowship (JRF).

The test acts as a means to ensure minimum standards for the entrants in the teaching profession and research. It is held for Humanities (including languages), Social Sciences, Forensic Science, Environmental Sciences, Computer Science and Applications and Electronic Science.

The UGC CSIR Net Exam is aimed at assessing the teaching and general/research aptitude as Well as their awareness .Therefore, The main objective is to assess the teaching and research capabilities of the candidates. They are expected to possess and exhibit some abilities like comprehension, analysis, evaluation. The candidates are also expected to have a general awareness and knowledge of sources of information. They should be aware of interaction between people, environment and natural resources and their impact on quality of life.